Periodontology

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Treatment of inflamed gum

It is not tooth decay, but gum disease which is the most common cause of tooth loss. If left untreated, plaque bacteria and the body’s immune reaction which this triggers can attack the teeth’s supporting bone and tissue. The teeth are no longer solid and ultimately, they fall out.

Periodontitis and gingivitis in brief

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the soft gum directly surrounding the tooth, cause by a bacterial coating. The gum is reddened and swollen, a direct reaction of the immune system to the problematic germs. It bleeds easily if touched. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis

In difficult to reach areas of gum, the bacteria multiply unhindered, and destroy deep-lying structures as far as the jaw bones and can even get into the bloodstream when the body’s defences are low. Receding gums and bone loss weaken the supporting structure The teeth may be lost.


What you should do, if you are already suffering from this

One third of all those over 60 have developed severe periodontitis. They are threatened by a complete loss of their teeth. This does not have to be inevitable. Nowadays, everyone can keep their teeth to a grand old age.

Periodontitis treatment

After diagnosis, the first step of the treatment is the professional tooth cleaning. Ultra-sound and other techniques will remove all hard and soft coatings on the teeth. The patient is then also shown how to use a toothbrush, dental floss or intra-dental brush properly to achieve optimum oral hygiene.

Afterwards the dentist cleans and disinfects the gingival pockets where the bacteria has become embedded. This is done using the “curettage” process, where special tools are used to clean out the pockets. The bones are able to regenerate after this treatment.

In severe periodontitis, with extensive bone degradation and unattractive, exposed tooth necks, the patient will then look for the second phase of treatment at Dentaprime. Here the dentist fills the affected areas with bone replacement material and covers the bone pockets with a bio-degradable membrane. Exposed tooth necks are re-covered using a cosmetic-operative reconstruction of the gum. The aim is to re-create the tooth’s supporting structure and the gum both functionally and aesthetically.

Moreover, the Dentaprime periodontologist uses soft-tissue lasers, medicinal therapies and powerful mouth rinses.

Why brushing your teeth alone doesn’t protect you.

Many patients with periodontitis and gingivitis confirm they brush their teeth twice a day. But this is obviously not enough for many people. Err on the side of caution and keep bacteria in the mouth at bay.

Clean your teeth at least twice a day, above all, before you go to sleep. When you’re asleep, your saliva glands only produce a little saliva which cannot therefore exert its mild disinfecting effect. Do not eat anything after you brush your teeth and before you go to bed.
Use dental floss every day, or if you have larger gaps between your teeth, use an intra-dental tooth brush. A specially-trained dental hygienist can show you how to use your toothbrush and dental floss properly.

Use a strong mouth-wash such as Listerine every morning and evening. This can not and should not replace the toothbrush, but it does help keep down germ levels in the mouth.

Don’t go without a tongue cleaner. Up to 60% of the germs in the mouth are found on the tongue! Come to us for regular check-ups and have your teeth cleaned professionally every six months.